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Sourdough Rye Bread

Sourdough Rye Bread has a complex flavor thanks to the sourdough starter, rye flour and a little dash of malt syrup. Start the night before to have fresh bread for lunch.

a loaf of sourdough rye bread on a cutting board

I’m a huge fan of rye bread in just about any form. I love my Overnight Rye Bread made with commercial yeast, super thin and crunchy Sourdough Rye Crispbread and Sourdough Marble Rye Bread. If you’re a rye fan, for a real treat try making a savory pie or galette with Rye Pie Dough.

I grew up in central New Jersey (yes, there is such a place as central Jersey!) and being so close to New York it was easy to find a good deli and really great rye bread.

Where I live now, not so much. So, Sourdough Rye Bread is always homemade in our house. But it’s so easy to make overnight there’s no reason not to make it yourself.

If you don’t already have one, I can show you how to make a sourdough starter and how to feed a sourdough starter.

This recipe takes more than 12 hours in total, but the vast majority of the time is hands-off.

Tips for making Sourdough Rye Bread:

  • Start with an active starter. To test if your sourdough starter is active and ready to use, drop a dollop into a bowl of water. If it floats, it’s ready to go.
  • Create a sponge using the starter, water and some of the flour. Allow the sponge to rest for 30-60 minutes before mixing the dough. This rest gives the gluten a head start in forming a strong network.
  • The fermentation time for the dough will vary based on the ambient temperature of the room and the temperature of your dough. The dough will start out fairly dense. It should be quite aerated and elastic by the end of the 3 hour fermentation.
  • If the dough is very cool and sluggish you can set the bowl over a bowl of warm water to warm it up a bit.
  • The time for the final proof can also vary. The bread should be almost doubled in size and if you poke the dough the dent should slowly fill in. If the dough springs right back when poked it’s not quite ready.
  • Sourdough Rye Bread stays fresh at room temperature for 2-3 days. Slice and freeze for longer storage.

Scroll Through the step by step photos to see how to make Sourdough Rye Bread:

a bread starter in a mixer bowl with a mixing paddle.
Mix the starter with the water, rye flour and 1 cup of the bread flour. Set aside for 30-60 minutes to activate the gluten.
Rye bread dough sitting on a couter top.
The dough will be soft and a little sticky right after mixing. The texture will develop while the dough is fermenting.
two bowls of sourdough rye bread dough, before and after rising.
With each hour of fermentation the dough will rise higher and become more elastic and “lively”.
sourdough rye bread with caraway seeds added
First thing in the morning, knead in the caraway seeds and shape the loaf.
A loaf of sourdough rye bread before and after rising.
When the loaf has almost doubled in volume, brush with egg wash, sprinkle with more caraway seeds and bake.

A timeline for making Sourdough Rye Bread:

  • If your starter needs feeding, do that the night before or early in the morning of the day you want to make the dough.
  • Mix the dough in the afternoon and refrigerate the dough in the evening before going to bed.
  • Take the dough out first thing in the morning and shape the loaf.
  • Leave the loaf at room temperature to rise for 1 1/2- 2 hours.
  • You should have fresh bread by lunch time.
  • To make and bake the dough in the same day, start the dough early in the morning and it should be ready to bake by late in the afternoon or early evening.
a loaf of sliced sourdough rye bread on a cutting board.
a hand holding a slice of sourdough rye bread
The sourdough rye as an open and irregular crumb and great chewy texture.

Since you’ve got your starter fed, peruse the entire list of My Best Sourdough Recipes. Have fun!

I know you hate to throw away that sourdough discard. Check out these recipes that use sourdough discard.

If you love this recipe as much as I do, I’d really appreciate a 5-star review.

slices of sourdough rye bread on a cutting board
Print Recipe
4.62 from 260 reviews

Sourdough Rye Bread Recipe

To make Sourdough Rye Bread you can start the night before and have fresh bread for lunch.
Prep Time30 minutes
Bake Time40 minutes
Rising Time12 hours
Total Time13 hours 10 minutes
24 servings


  • 8 oz active sourdough starter (1 cup (100% hydration))
  • 12 oz warm water (1 1/2½ cups)
  • 5 oz rye flour (1 cup)
  • 12 ½ oz bread flour (2 ½ cups)
  • 1 tablespoon malt syrup
  • 2 teaspoons table salt
  • 2 tablespoons caraway seeds
  • 1 egg white


  • Combine the starter, water, rye flour and 1 cup of the bread flour. Mix with the paddle on low speed until it forms a thick batter. Cover the bowl and set aside for 30-60 minutes.
    8 oz active sourdough starter, 12 oz warm water, 5 oz rye flour, 12 ½ oz bread flour
  • If using a stand mixer, change to the dough hook. Add the malt syrup, salt and the rest of the bread flour and mix until the dough begins to clean the bottom of the bowl and form a ball around the hook. If the dough is still extremely sticky and does not clear the sides of the bowl, you can add up to ¼ cup more flour, a tablespoon at a time. If mixing by hand add as much of the bread flour as you can then turn the dough out onto a floured surface and finish kneading in the rest of the flour.
    1 tablespoon malt syrup, 2 teaspoons table salt
  • Knead for 3-4 minutes on medium speed or 4-5 minutes by hand. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead into a smooth ball. Place the dough in a lightly oiled bowl, turn once to coat the dough. Cover the bowl and set it aside at room temperature.
  • After 30 minutes uncover the bowl, lift one side of the dough and fold it into the middle of the dough. Repeat with the other three sides of the dough then flip the dough over. You’re basically turning the dough inside-out to redistribute the yeast. Cover the bowl and after 30 minutes repeat the procedure. Cover the bowl and after 60 minutes repeat the procedure again.
  • Cover the bowl and after 60 minutes knead the dough, return it to the bowl. By now the dough should be lively, elastic and airy. If the dough is still sluggish give it another hour or two at room temperature. Cover tightly and refrigerate over night.
  • Remove from refrigerator and dump the cold dough onto floured surface. Sprinkle the dough with 1 tablespoon caraway seeds and knead to distribute the seeds
    2 tablespoons caraway seeds
  • If you want two smaller loaves, divide the dough in half. Knead the dough into a smooth ball then taper two ends to form an oblong football shape. If baking in a Dutch oven form the dough into a round ball.
  • Place on a wooden peel or sheet pan sprinkled liberally with corn meal. If you want to bake the bread in a Dutch oven place the dough onto a sheet of parchment paper. Cover with a damp kitchen towel and leave in a warm place until doubled in size and it springs back slowly when poked, about 1 ½ hours.
  • Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 425 °F. If you have a baking stone preheat that in the oven. If you want to bake the bread in a Dutch oven or other heavy pot put that in the oven to preheat.
  • Make 5 diagonal slashes in the dough with a single edge razor or very sharp knife. Brush dough with egg white and sprinkle with the other tablespoon of caraway seeds.
    1 egg white
  • Slide the dough onto the preheated stone or slide the sheet pan into the oven. The bread is ready when the internal temperature is 200 °F. Baking time is about 35 minutes.
  • If using the Dutch oven to bake follow these directions: Remove the preheated pan from the oven and remove the lid. Use the parchment paper to lift the loaf into the Dutch oven. Replace the lid on the pot and slide it into the oven. Bake for 20 minutes. Remove the lid from the Dutch oven. The loaf should be well risen and pale in color. Continue baking another 20 minutes until the loaf is nicely browned and beginning to crisp. Remove the pan from the oven. Use the parchment to lift the loaf out of the pan. Use the parchment to place the loaf directly onto the rack in the oven. Bake another 5-10 minutes until the loaf is deeply browned and very crisp. Total baking time is about 40-50 minutes.
  • Cool completely on a wire rack before slicing.


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Serving: 2g | Calories: 87kcal | Carbohydrates: 18g | Protein: 3g | Fat: 0.4g | Saturated Fat: 0.05g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.2g | Monounsaturated Fat: 0.1g | Sodium: 196mg | Potassium: 44mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 1g | Vitamin A: 2IU | Vitamin C: 0.1mg | Calcium: 8mg | Iron: 0.4mg
Have you tried this recipe?Mention @eileen.bakingsense or tag #bakingsense!
Recipe Rating


Tuesday 24th of October 2023

Have you ever tried to make a swirl bread of the pumpernickel and rye together? Would love a how-to on that combo!


Tuesday 24th of October 2023

@Eileen Gray, if anyone can do it you can!

Eileen Gray

Tuesday 24th of October 2023

I've thought about it. But I'd have to work it out a bit since my pumpernickel recipe is quite different than my rye bread. I'll play with it and try to come up with a good recipe to share.


Sunday 17th of September 2023

Have you ever added the caraway seeds directly to the dough during the kneading process instead of on top? If so, how did it turn out? Ken


Monday 18th of September 2023

@Eileen Gray, Thanks!

Eileen Gray

Monday 18th of September 2023

Yes, I've done it both ways and either works well.


Tuesday 1st of August 2023

How would I do the first mixing by hand? Thanks, David

Eileen Gray

Wednesday 2nd of August 2023

I just use my batter stirrer to mix the first step.

Betty Reynoso

Friday 23rd of June 2023

Loved the recipe, easy to follow thank you for sharing your recipe.

Jim Kelleher

Saturday 10th of June 2023

This is definitely a five star keeper recipe. My first attempt at sourdough rye was a great success. When I took the loaves from the oven, I was afraid that the crust was overdone because it was considerably darker than the one in your photo. But when I sliced and ate it it was tender and delicious. I think the darker color was the result of substituting molasses for the malt syrup. This bread was the perfect vehicle for the corned beef I made for dinner.The only thing I will do differently next time is make one loaf from the recipe instead of two. That way the slices will be more NY deli sandwich sized. .

Jim Kelleher

Sunday 11th of June 2023

@Eileen Gray, Looking forward making this again. By the way, I was born and raised in Bergen County, NJ and am living now in Ocean County. My wife grew up in Monmouth County. I used to buy great sourdough rye at a bakery in Toms River but, unfortunately, they closed many years ago. Now, I can bake my own. It's a must for my St.Patrick's day celebration along with my Irish soda bread.

Eileen Gray

Sunday 11th of June 2023

Hi Jim. Glad your bread turned out well. Sometimes I make two loaves from this recipe and sometimes I make one big one. Like you said, the big one gives you generous slices for a great (in my case tuna!) sandwich.