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How to Feed & Maintain your Sourdough Starter

You’ve done it! You’ve created a living batter filled with wild yeast. Now let’s see how to feed & maintain your sourdough starter.

If you haven’t made your starter yet, visit this post to see how to make a sourdough starter from scratch.

stirring flour and water into sourdough starter to feed

Right off the bat I’m going to say that there are a million ways to feed, maintain and use a sourdough starter. In fact, after you’re done reading this post, you should read through my instructions for How to keep a small sourdough starter to see of that method would work better for you.

I am going to outline for you how I maintain my sourdough starters. I tend to have a fairly relaxed attitude towards the process. It works for me and I think my approach can work for you if you don’t bake bread every single day (and even if you do).

At the end of the post you’ll find a how-to card that lists the ingredient amounts and steps to follow each time you feed your starter.

But first I’m going to give you all the how’s and why’s and try to answer any questions you might have.

Tips for using and maintaining your sourdough starter:

  • Since I don’t bake every day, I keep my starters (yes, I have 3) in the refrigerator.
  • If I’m making a 2-day recipe (most of mine are) I take the starter out of the refrigerator early in the morning of the day I’m making the dough. If the starter is inactive I feed it right away and it should be ready by early afternoon.
  • If I’m making a 1-day recipe, I’ll take the starter out the night before and feed it if it’s inactive. It should be ready to use first thing in the morning.
  • When the starter is cold from the refrigerator, I feed the starter using fairly warm water, warmer than body temp. The warm water will jump-start the cold starter.
  • If the starter has been fed within the last 2-3 days, and has been refrigerated, you can probably go ahead and use it without feeding.
  • If you’re not sure if the starter is active, drop a dollop into a bowl of water to see if it floats. If it does, it’s ready for baking.
  • I write all my sourdough recipes to use 8 oz of active starter. After using 8 oz of starter in the recipe, I’m left with 4 oz of starter, exactly the right amount for feeding.
a bowl of water with a dollop of sourdough starter
A dollop of the starter should float when it’s ready and active.

Schedule for feeding your sourdough starter:

  • Your starter needs to be fed about 1x per week if refrigerated, and every day if left at room temperature.
  • Generally, about 5-6 hours after feeding my starter is ready. The time may vary based on room temp, dough temp, etc. The starter should have doubled in volume and started to recede and/or pass the float test.
  • I take my starter out of the refrigerator once a week for feeding, even if I’m not baking. Although, truth be told, I often go longer than a week between feedings and I haven’t killed it yet.
  • Did you know you can dry your sourdough starter? Dried starter can be kept indefinitely.
  • After you’ve removed the portion of starter for baking, feed the starter again and leave it at room temperature for 3-4 hours before putting it back in the refrigerator.
3 side by side photos showing how to feed sourdough starter
To feed your sourdough starter, weigh out 4 oz each of starter, water and flour.

FAQs about feeding & maintaining Sourdough Starter:

What if I forget to feed my starter for several weeks?

Honestly, I’ve gone longer than a month without feeding my starter and I haven’t killed it yet. Give it a feeding and see if it wakes up. If it’s alive, keep feeding it until it is reliably doubling in size within 4-5 hours.

Can I use a neglected starter as soon as it’s been fed?

If you go more than about 2 weeks between feedings, you might want to give the starter 2-3 feedings before using. A starter that hasn’t been fed for weeks will be quite sluggish and your dough won’t be as lively.

Can I make dough with cold starter straight from the refrigerator?

If your starter was fed a day or two before, it’s possible to use the starter straight from the refrigerator. Give it a float test to make sure it’s active. The dough may take a little longer to ferment since the temperature of the dough will be colder.

What is that gray liquid on top of my starter, has it died?

It’s called “hooch” and don’t worry, your starter is still alive. Just stir that water back into the starter before feeding. Again, you might need 2 feedings to completely revive the starter since it’s been quite dormant.

Do I have to weigh the ingredients?

To maintain your starter at 100% hydration it is best and most accurate to weigh your ingredients. If you’re just a little bit off every time you feed, eventually, your starter could be thrown out of balance.

What if a recipe calls for less than 8 oz of starter?

No problem, use the amount of starter called for in the recipe. Then weigh out 4 oz of the remaining starter for feeding and discard the rest.

Do I have to discard starter?

If you continually feed the starter without discarding, you’ll end up drowning in starter.

Can I bake with the discard?

Yes, even if the discard is not active enough for baking bread, you can add it to many other recipes as a flavor and texture enhancer.

If I go on vacation, do I have to take the starter with me?

Unless you’re going away for an extended time, your starter should be just fine for a couple of weeks in the refrigerator. If you’ll be gone really long-term, put the starter into the freezer or dry it. Frozen or dried starter will need several feedings to rejuvenate.

Since you’ve got your starter fed, peruse the entire list of My Best Sourdough Recipes. Have fun!

If you appreciate this detailed information, I’d really appreciate a 5-star review.

Print Recipe
4.92 from 209 reviews

How to Feed Sourdough Starter

Follow these steps to feed and maintain your Sourdough Starter.
Prep Time10 minutes
Total Time10 minutes
12 oz


  • 4 oz unfed sourdough starter
  • 4 oz all purpose flour
  • 4 oz water (room temperature)


  • Weigh 4 oz of your unfed starter into a clean container. Discard the extra starter (see note)
    4 oz unfed sourdough starter
  • Add the flour and water and mix until combined. Set aside at room temperature.
    4 oz all purpose flour, 4 oz water
  • The starter is ready to use when it has doubled in volume and a small spoonful floats when dropped into a bowl of water. This generally takes 4-5 hours but the time can vary based on dough temperature and room temperature.
  • If you do not plan to bake with the starter on the day it is fed, refrigerate 3-4 hours after feeding.
  • Feed refrigerated starter weekly. If you go longer than a week without feeding, you may want to give the starter two feedings before using.


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Check out these recipes that use sourdough discard if you don’t want to throw it away.


Calories: 43kcal | Carbohydrates: 9g | Protein: 1g | Fat: 0.1g | Saturated Fat: 0.01g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.04g | Monounsaturated Fat: 0.01g | Sodium: 1mg | Potassium: 10mg | Fiber: 0.3g | Sugar: 0.03g | Calcium: 2mg | Iron: 0.4mg
Have you tried this recipe?Mention @eileen.bakingsense or tag #bakingsense!
Recipe Rating


Sunday 16th of April 2023

Thank you for such a straightforward post! I'm on my first week and second loaf, and as I'm researching, most posts come at it with very detailed and rigid instructions that are overwhelming and almost scare me off the whole project. Saving and looking forward to going through your recipes!


Tuesday 7th of March 2023

When I have the starter going and refrigerate it , for the weekly feedings , do I need to let it warm up or take it out, feed it and put it right back in the frig ? Thank you for any help


Tuesday 7th of March 2023

@Eileen Gray, thank you !

Eileen Gray

Tuesday 7th of March 2023

When I don't plan to use my starter but just want to feed it I take it out of the fridge, feed it right away using very warm water, leave it at room temperature for 3-4 hours until it looks nice and active, then refrigerate it.

Josie Leisz

Saturday 4th of March 2023

Easy to understand and a great breakdown for starter. Thank you


Friday 3rd of March 2023

Hello, Thanks for all your great tips. I have had my sourdough starter in the fridge for a few months now, but haven't fed it for a couple of months ! It had a grey 'hooch' on the top which I stirred in, but it smells quite strongly like nail polish remover and I'm wondering if I should ditch it and start again ? It has been sealed in the fridge and I wonder whether it has encouraged anaerobic bacteria to flourish and if this is detrimental ? Thanks for any help in advance !

Eileen Gray

Friday 3rd of March 2023

That hooch can get quite pungent. Personally, I would try feeding it. It probably needs several feeding to rebalance. Try feeding it 1-2x per day for a few days and see how it goes. That being said, if you're worried you can always start over with a new starter.


Saturday 25th of February 2023

You provide great information and it is great but I am missing one bit of advice. Two of us fed our starter- once on Friday then the other on Saturday. What should we do?

Eileen Gray

Saturday 25th of February 2023

Can you give me more information? Do you do this every week? How often do you bake? There is no problem feeding the starter every day if it's left at room temperature.