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Overnight New York Style Bagels

These bagels are chewy, crusty and properly dense New York Style Bagels. The overnight rise creates the perfect texture and flavor – and you’ll have fresh, hot bagels for breakfast or brunch less than an hour after getting out of bed. 

a tray of freshly baked new york bagels

I promise you if you follow this recipe correctly you can make a good bagel at home. I mean, there are loads of really bad bagels in the world and life is just too short to eat a bad bagel.

Personally, if a frozen grocery store bagel was the last bit of food on earth….well, I would eat it so I wouldn’t starve, but I surely wouldn’t enjoy it. Ditto for the big, puffy bagels from certain chain restaurants. Nope, not for me.

What’s the difference between a bad bagel and a good bagel? Well, to start with, I would walk 30 minutes in the freezing cold for a good bagel. True story, on a recent trip to New York we did exactly that. And it was worth every single step.

What is a true New York Style Bagel?

A good New York Style Bagel (really, is there any other kind?) must have a nicely dense and chewy texture with a toothsome crust. To get that characteristic chewiness we’ve got to develop some really strong gluten in the dough.

First of all we use bread flour for maximum protein content. More protein means more gluten development. Kneading also helps develop the gluten.

But we can also employ a few “lazy” steps to help develop the dough. First we make a “sponge” and let it set for 30 minutes. During that rest the water has time to hydrate the flour and give us a head start on gluten develop. This little bit of hands off time also improves the flavor of the final product.

Once the bagels are shaped we give them a quick 15 minutes at room temperature to rise just a bit, then they go into the refrigerator overnight.

You can skip the 15 minutes at room temp if you want your bagels even a little more dense.

The cool, slow rise enhances the flavor and texture of the dough. I’ve left the formed bagels in the refrigerator as long as 16 hours and got great results.

An added benefit of overnight bagels – they are ready to finish first thing in the morning. Once your oven is preheated, it only takes about 30 minutes to boil and bake the bagels.

Scroll through the step by step photos to see how to make New York Style Bagels:

how to shape bagels
Use a cupped hand to form the 12 pieces of dough into smooth balls
how to shape a bagel
Poke your finger all the way through the center of the ball to make the hole.
how to shape a bagel
You can twirl the dough around your finger to widen the center hole
rise bagels overnight in the refrigerator
For the best texture and flavor, allow the bagels to rise overnight in the refrigerator.
the set up for boiling bagels
The set up for boiling the bagels

Tips for making perfectly chewy New York Style Bagels overnight:

  • Allowing the sponge to rest for 30 minutes before mixing the dough gives the gluten a head start in forming a strong network.
  • Use unbleached bread flour for maximum gluten development.
  • You can substitute molasses for the Malt syrup, but the malt syrup does give the bagels an authentic taste and color. If you can’t find it in your local market, you can buy it on-line.
  • You could skip the overnight rise in the refrigerator and go straight ahead and boil and bake the bagels, but that long, cool rise is what gives these bagels their chewy texture and deep flavor.
  • Boiling the bagels in sugar/baking soda water is what gives them a super chewy yet crisp crust. If you skip this step your bagels will have a crust similar to a roll or bread.
  • Bagels should be baked in a very hot oven for a quick oven spring and good crust development.
  • Bagels are best the day they are baked. For longer term storage slice the bagels about 3/4 the way through and pack them into freezer bags.
  • Previously frozen bagels are best if toasted before serving.
A tray of freshly baked bagels
A freshly baked chewy bagel
The crumb on a New York bagel should not be too light or too tender.
[a perfect poppy seed bagel

Fresh, hot delicious bagels for breakfast or brunch. They also freeze beautifully for future enjoyment. Now all you need is a schmear of cream cheese!

If you’ve got a sourdough starter, I highly recommend my Homemade Sourdough Bagels for a real treat.

If you love this recipe as much as I do, I’d really appreciate a 5-star review.

[a perfect poppy seed bagel

Overnight Bagels

Yield: 1 dozen
Prep Time: 45 minutes
Rising Time: 12 hours
Boil/Bake Time: 25 minutes
Total Time: 13 hours 10 minutes

Chewy, crusty and properly dense, New York style bagels. They rise overnight so you can have fresh bagels for breakfast or brunch. All they need is a schmear of cream cheese.


  • 2 cups (16 oz, 480 ml) warm water (about 100°F)
  • 1 packet (2 1/4 teaspoons, 7g) instant yeast
  • 5 cups (25 oz, 705g) bread flour, divided
  • 2 tablespoons (1.5 oz, 42g) barley malt syrup (see note)
  • 1 tablespoon table salt
  • 1/4 cup (2 oz, 56g) granulated sugar (for boiling)
  • 2 teaspoons baking soda (for boiling)
  • 1 egg white, whisked lightly
  • Sesame seeds, poppy seeds, caraway seeds or kosher/coarse sea salt for topping (optional)


  1. In a bowl for a stand mixer or a large mixing bowl combine the water, yeast and 3 cups of the flour . Mix to form a thick batter. Cover the bowl and set aside for 30-60 minutes.
  2. Add the barley malt syrup and salt. If using a stand mixer, switch to the dough hook. Add the remaining flour and mix to combine. Knead 5 minutes on medium/low speed. If working by hand, stir in as much of the flour as you can, then turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead in the remaining flour. Knead 5 minutes. Form the dough into a smooth ball.
  3. Put the dough into a lightly oiled bowl, turning once to coat the dough. Cover the bowl and set aside to rise until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
  4. Line a half sheet pan with parchment paper then sprinkle the paper liberally with cornmeal (or flour). Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured surface and knead briefly. Divide the dough into 12 even pieces. Use a cupped hand to roll each piece into a smooth, tight ball.
  5. To form a bagel, poke your finger all the way through the center of a ball to make a hole. Use two fingers to gently widen the hole. Continue gently stretching to form the bagel or twirl the dough around your fingers to widen the center hole (see photos). The hole should be 1 - 1.5" wide.
  6. Place the bagel on the prepared sheet pan and continue to form the remaining bagels. The dough will probably spring back a bit so you can go back and re-stretch them once you're done forming all the bagels. Cover the pan with plastic wrap and leave at room temperature for 15 minutes then place the pan in the refrigerator overnight.
  7. In the morning, take the pan out of the refrigerator. The bagels should be noticeably fuller. Leave the tray out until the bagels come to room temperature, about 1 - 1 1/2 hours.
  8. Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 450°F. In a large pot combine 1 gallon of water with the sugar and baking soda and bring it to a boil. Reduce the heat to keep the water at a rolling simmer. Set a cooking rack over a clean sheet pan and place it next to the stove.
  9. Lift a bagel off the sheet pan and lower it into the boiling water, top side down. Boil the bagels for 30 seconds on each side. Depending on the size of your pot, you can boil 3-4 bagels at a time. As you remove the boiled bagels from the water, set them on the cooling rack to drain.
  10. Line two half-sheet pans with parchment paper or silicone baking mats and generously sprinkle with cornmeal (or flour). Place 6 of the boiled bagels on each sheet pan. You could fit them all on one pan but they may rise enough to stick together as they bake. I like all the sides to be crusty so I leave plenty of room between them.
  11. Brush the bagels with egg white. You can leave the bagels plain or add the topping of your choice. To make "everything" bagels combine a tablespoon each of the seeds & salt with a pinch each of garlic salt and onion powder. Adjust toppings to your taste.
  12. Bake until golden brown, about 20 minutes.


You can use 1 tablespoon molasses plus 1 tablespoon of honey instead of barley syrup.

Did you make this recipe?

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U-77 Miss Wahoo

Tuesday 3rd of May 2022

These were the best bagels I've made in recent memory. I made this first batch plain, since seeds hide a multitude of problems and I wanted to taste and see what they were actually like. That sponge may have been key in how flavorful they were. Excellent warm out of the oven; and the split/wrapped/frozen ones taste great and have a nice chew after toasting. But the crust itself was a bit chewier than I was expecting, perhaps since I had to knead them a little longer. The dough was quite wet and sticky when I was almost at the end of kneading in my stand mixer, and had to add an extra cup of flour in total, which may have made the crust more obstinate. My bread flour was 13.3% PRO. The temps here are 65-70F indoors, 60-ish outside. It hadn't been raining excessively and humidity is ~50% (if it WERE muggy, baking is the last thing I'd be doing). I'd measured most ingredients by weight, and the H2O by ml/cups. My measurements were as correct as I could make them. So, I'm curious why my dough was as wet as it was, as it seems like if it were due to the protein in the flour, it should have been drier, not wetter? That said, I'll make these again once we're done with the ones in the freezer. Coatings of sesame seed and poppy seed are next on the menu, now that I know they have nothing to hide.

Maria Lopez

Wednesday 29th of December 2021

Just finished making these bagels, had no problems at all. I followed the recipe the only thing I did different was that I knead it for almost 7 minutes. Would make again.

Andrew Barilr

Tuesday 23rd of November 2021

So for everyone having trouble with their bagels deflating. There could be a few reasons. I’ll list them and also give tips on how to fix it.

1.) Check the temperature of your refrigerator. Make sure that the thermostat is set at the right number.

*Place your tray of bagels at the very bottom of the fridge. It’s the coldest part. Try not to open the fridge so much while these are fermenting. Every time you open the door it takes about an hour for your fridge to bounce back.

2.) Reduce the amount of yeast called for in the recipe.

*When fermenting dough overnight in the refrigerator it’s best to only use about a third of the amount that the recipe calls for. Why? Well since the dough will be proving for a long period of time, you don’t want the yeast to work to quickly. The more yeast the faster the dough becomes over proofed. Not only will the dough lose its shape it can also start to smell and taste like alcohol due to the yeast consuming all the starch. I recommend about 2 grams of yeast for this recipe.

3.) Check the temperature of the water.

*Lower the H2O temperature to about 66-68 degrees. (Depending on the temp of your house. The warmer the kitchen the more cold your water should be. A loe temperature water guarantees your dough to rise slower. Thus preventing over proofed bagels.

Thank you. Let me know if this helps any.


Lisa Reigle-Cohen

Sunday 14th of November 2021

The dough was very sticky, so I needed to add an extra 1/2 cup flour. I was able to form them easily and they rose perfectly overnight. However, when I placed them in the boiling water, they got all wrinkly and deflated. Does anyone know why that might have happened?


Wednesday 15th of September 2021

5 cups of bread flour is not 705g. What is the correct amount of flour?


Thursday 16th of September 2021

@Eileen Gray, Hi Eileen, I apologize if my wording bothered you. I assumed measurment was taken with standard practice for flour which is keeping it "fluffy" not compacting. A cup of flour is about 120 g which if measured with 5 cups is only 600g. That being said I needed more than 705g, which is why I think most people have difficulty with consistency of dough in this recipe.

Eileen Gray

Wednesday 15th of September 2021

That's pretty definitive statement. Why are you so sure that 5 cups of bread flour is not 705g? If you assume my number is wrong you must believe you know the correct number. If you really are asking I will tell you how I got that number. The weight of a cup of flour is not an absolute. The way you fill the cup will determine the exact weight of the flour in the cup. I always fill a measuring cup using the "dip and sweep" method. That is, I dip the cup into the bin to overfill it. I sweep away the excess flour. Using this method I consistently get very, very close to 5 oz per cup (25 oz total in this recipe). There are 28.3g per ounce. 25ozx28.3=707. I rounded the number from 707 down to 705g.

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